OR

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BASIC keyword
Keyword: OR
Abbreviation:
Type: Operator
Token code: 176/$B0
Handling routine
in BASIC ROM:
45030–45077
$AFE6–B015
List of all BASIC keywords


Remark: This article describes the BASIC-Command OR in BASIC V2 at the Commodore 64.

Type: Boolean/bit-wise operator
General Programming-Syntax: <Boolean/integer term> OR <Boolean/integer term>

OR performs two different functions:

  • In boolean expressions (such as the condition in an IF/THEN construct), OR yields the boolean value "true" (numerical: −1) if either or both of the terms preceding and trailing the OR keyword, evaluates to "true".
  • In bitwise operations, a bit in the resulting integer is set if either or both the corresponding bits in the integer terms, are set.

Use of non-numerical terms in conjunction with OR causes a ?TYPE MISMATCH ERROR IN line. In the case of bitwise AND operations, both terms are evaluated as 16-bit signed integers, and thus cannot exceed the range of −32768 thru 32767, or −$8000 thru $7FFF in hexadecimal — terms outside of this range will raise an ?ILLEGAL QUANTITY ERROR IN line. If either of the terms are absent, a ?SYNTAX ERROR IN line will occur.

Note that in BASIC on the C-64, the boolean value "true" is represented by the integer −1, which is all bits set in the 16-bit signed format, while the value "false" is represented by the value 0, or all bits clear.

Examples[edit]

PRINT 3<2 OR 5<6
-1      meaning "true"
ready.
PRINT 3=2 OR 3<2
 0      meaning "false"
ready.

POKE 53265,PEEK (53265) OR 64     Bitwise operation to turn on
ready.                            a single bit in a register


Boolean algebra

PRINT 0 OR 0 (Result: 0; false)
PRINT 1 OR 0 (Result: 1; true)
PRINT 0 OR 1 (Result: 1; true)
PRINT 1 OR 1 (Result: 1; true)
BASIC V2.0 (second release) Commands

ABS | AND | ASC | ATN | CHR$ | CLOSE | CLR | CMD | CONT | COS | DATA | DEF | DIM | END | EXP | FN | FOR | FRE | GET | GET# | GOSUB | GOTO | IF | INPUT | INPUT# | INT | LEFT$ | LEN | LET | LIST | LOAD | LOG | MID$ | NEW | NEXT | NOT | ON | OPEN | OR | PEEK | π  |POKE | POS | PRINT | PRINT# | READ | REM | RESTORE | RETURN | RIGHT$ | RND | RUN | SAVE | SGN | SIN | SPC | SQR | STATUS/ST | STEP | STOP | STR$ | SYS | TAB | TAN | THEN | TIME/TI | TIME$/TI$ | TO | USR | VAL | VERIFY | WAIT