MPS-801

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MPS-801
Commodore MPS 801
Type: Dot Matrix Printer
Producer: Commodore
Price: ?
Released: 1984
Discontinued: 199?
Processor:
Memory:
OS:
Info: Follower: MPS-802


The Commodore MPS-801 is a matrix printer (stylus printer) from Commodore released in the year 1984. MPS stands for Matrix Printer System, an invention from Commodore.

Description[edit]

The Commodore MPS-801 was one of the first printers offered by Commodore for its home computers. The printer used fan-fold paper via a paper tractor. The print resolution was a 6x7 Matrix at 10 chars/inch. The printing speed was about 50 chars per second.

Because of its 7-pin print head, character descenders couldn't be created with the MPS 801. This was later made possible through some software tricks. The printer only supports unidirectional printing (i.e. it is only printing when the print head moves from left to right). On the way back to the left, the print head was inactive, which made the printer very slow, compared to later models. The interface to the computer was a serial IEEE-488, the serial bus for the C64.

The printer was not developed and produced by Commodore. The MPS-801 was produced by the Japanese company Seikosha, a subsidiary of the clock manufacturer Seiko (the same model there was named Seikosha GP 500 VC). At that time, Seikosha was one of the largest printer manufacturers in the world and was also manufacturing printers for Atari, such as the Atari 1029 printer.

Apart from the complete ASCII-charset the 801 could also print all Commodore graphic characters and reverse characters were possible. In addition to text and special glyphs the printer was capable of printing graphics.

For manual paper-handling there was a mechanical handwheel on the right side of the printer. Additionally a membrane key was provided for incremental linefeed.

Unihammer system[edit]

For printing the Unihammer system from Seikosha was used. There are no more needles in the print head, but behind the paper a track with lamellas is located behind the paper which are creating a dot when pressing on the paper. Through the use of this method the printer was quite noisy.

Technical Data[edit]

MPS-801 ink ribbon from Commodore
  • Print method: Matrix print (unihammer-system)
  • Dot matrix: 6x7-Dots
  • Character height: 2,82 mm
  • Row length: Max. 80 Columns
  • Row distance: 6 Z/inch in char mode, 9 Z/inch in graphics mode (1 inch = 2.54 cm)
  • Print speed: 50 chars/sec.
  • Print method: Unidirectional print
  • Paper transport: Tractor
  • Ink-ribbon type: 2-parts cassette with exchangeable ink reservoir
  • Paper width: 4.5 to 8 inch
  • Copies/carbon copies: Original + 2 carbon copies
  • Graphics: Dot matrix, 7 vertical dots/column
  • Weight: Approx. 4.8 kg
  • Price: Approx. 795,- DM (year 1984)

Links[edit]