|Processor:||MOS 7501/8501 @ 0,885/1,76 MHz|
|Memory:||16 KByte, upgradeable until 64 KByte|
|Info:||Part of the Commodore-264 series|
The Commodore 16 (short for: C16) is a Commodore home computer, which was the follower of the VIC-20. It was produced in the years 1984-85. The C16, C116 and Plus/4 are part of the Commodore-264 series. The selling price was often 99 US$. The case looks likely the C64, but colored in black. The production of C16 worldwide are over 1.266.000. In Argentina produced the computer company Drean C16 under Commodore licence, however the company Sigma in Mexico.
The OS is a advanced version of BASIC (version 3.5). The software isn't compatible to the C64. The devices datasette 1531, joysticks and the diskdrive 1551 can be only connected (without adapters) to the Commodore-264 series.
 Right side
- Two joystick connectors (Joy1 and 2, round mini-DIN, 8-pins, I) to connect a joystick
- Reset button
- On/Off switch
- Power connector (power; 2 pins) for the power supply unit
 Rear side
- Memory Expansion; (50-pins; I/O) to connect cartridges or the diskdrive 1551
- TV-connector, (HF-Modulator-Ausgang; O) to connect a television (in the versions NTSC or PAL)
- Audio-/Video (8-pins; O) to connect a monitor and/or a stereo
- Serial bus resp. Serial Bus (IEEE-488, 6-pin, I/O) to connect a diskdrive 1541/70/71/81 or printer MPS-801/802/803, VIC-1515/1525/1526
- Cassette Connector (cassette port round Mini-DIN, 7-pins; E/A) to connect a cassette recorder (Datasette) 1531
- CPU: MOS 7501 or 8501 with 0.885/1.76MHz Clock frequency (controlled by TED) - average approx. 1,1 MHz.
- Memory: 16 KByte RAM, with 12277 free usable under BASIC, expandable to 64 KByte.
- ROM: 32 KByte in total, diveded into:
- Graphics: TED 8360
- Display in text mode (either uppercase characters & block graphics or upper- & lowercase characters) 40 (rows) * 25 (columns) characters or in graphic mode 320*200 Pixel or 160*200 pixel. Also display graphics with 5 rows of text at 320*160 or 160*160 pixel, additional Shapes in BASIC
- Colors: 121 (15 colors in 8 shades and black)
- Sound: TED 8360 is used as well for sound generation and can create 2 independend voices with tones or sound effects covering 4 octaves (approx. 28 tones without intermediate tones).
- Keyboard: 66 keys (QWERTY), with multi-assignments, function keys are already predefined.
- Dimensions: 407mm * 204mm * 77mm
- Power supply: 9V DC via external power supply unit.
- Power consumption: ?W
 Block diagram
 Memory allocation
Memory adresses | Description Hexadecimal | Decimal | $0000-$07FF | 00000-02047 | Zero page, System ram $0800-$0C00 | 02048-03071 | Color ram $0C01-$1000 | 03072-04095 | Video ram $1000-$3FFF | 04096-06143 | BASIC-RAM (if using graphics this area will shrink!) $1800-$1BFF | 06144-07167 | Luminance (if using graphics) $1C00-$1FFF | 07168-08191 | Color table (if using graphics) $2000-$3FFF | 08192-16383 | Video ram for graphics (if using graphics) $4000-$7FFF | 16384-32767 | free (for memory extensions) $8000-$BFFF | 32768-49151 | BASIC V3.5 $C000-$CFFF | 49152-53247 | free for BASIC extensions $D000-$D7FF | 53248-55295 | Char set $D800-$FBFF | 55296-64511 | KERNAL $FC00-$FCFF | 64512-64767 | ROM banking routines $FD00-$FEFF | 64768-65279 | I/O adresses $FF81-$FFF9 | 65409-65529 | KERNAL $FFFA-$FFFB | 65530-65531 | NMI vector $FFFC-$FFFD | 65532-65533 | RES vector $FFFE-$FFFF | 65534-65535 | IRQ-Vektor
 Deviations of color table and control characters
The commodore colour table deviates at the TED after the 9th color (brown):
Color | Key com- | Color value | In program: | Or by PRINT "control character" | bination | für POKE | PRINT CHR$(X) | (in quotes!) yellow-green| <C=>+<3> | 090 | 150 | inverse graphic-X Pink | <C=>+<4> | 107 | 152 | inverse ring Blue-green | <C=>+<5> | 092 | 151 | inverse clubs Light blue | <C=>+<6> | 109 | 153 | inv. vline right Dark blue | <C=>+<7> | 046 | 154 | inverse check Light green | <C=>+<8> | 095 | 155 | inverse clubs
Hint: There are some new control characters at the C16:
PRINTCHR$(027) Escape key PRINTCHR$(130) Text flashing on PRINTCHR$(131) Text flashing off PRINTCHR$(140) Help key
 Function Keys
The C16 function keys are normally:
- DIRECTORY+CHR$(13) (the key is hit)
- SCNCLR+CHR$(13) +
- DSAVE+CHR$(34) +
- RUN+CHR$(13) +
- LIST+CHR$(13) +
- HELP+CHR$(13) or
 Purchased parts package
In Germany the C16 was first available in a single package and was later sold in a bundle Commodore Computer-Lernkurs BASIC-Programmiersprache.
The purchased parts of a C16 package are (1984):
- Computer (C16)
- Power Supply
- Commodore 16 User Manual
- Aerial cable
- Commodore warranty card
- Commodore extra guarantee
- Interference free certificate
- Cardboard package
- Styrofoam shells top and bottom
- Commodore Jack Attack
- Commodore Pirate Adventure
- Commodore Viduzzles
- Commodore Atomic Mission
- Commodore Strange Odyssey
- Commodore Pirate Adventure
- Commodore C-16 Tutor
- Commodore Logo
- Commodore Diagnostic Test (TED Diagnostic Rev 1.5)
- Commodore Script/Plus
- Commodore Financial Advisor
 Memory extensions
For the C16/116 the following memory expansions were available:
- 16K Expansion (Kingsoft)
- 64K Extension (ak-tronics)
- 64K RAM (Kingsoft)
- 64K RAM memory expansion (Golden Games)
- 64K cartridgel (LINDY)
- DELA C16 memory expansion 64K
- REX Datentechnik (9305) 64K
- Commodore 16K RAM pack cartridge for the expansion port (Ram Electronics Ltd.)
- 64K RAM (Stonechip Electronics)
- Jureks 64K Memory Expansion
 Other cards
- Joystick adaptor: To connect common joysticks with the 9-pin subd connectors there were adaptors resp. adaptor cables available to connect these joysticks to the 8-pin, round mini-DIN connectors of the C16/116 and Plus/4.
- Datasetten adaptor: To connect datasette drives with the usual 12-pin connector there were suitable adaptors resp. adaptor cables to connect them to the 7-pin, round mini-DIN connector at the C16/116 and Plus/4.
|16 Wikipedia: Commodore 16|